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Quantum Mechanics Between Ontology and Epistemology

Quantum Mechanics Between Ontology and Epistemology PDF Author: Florian J. Boge
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319957651
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 432

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Book Description
This book explores the prospects of rivaling ontological and epistemic interpretations of quantum mechanics (QM). It concludes with a suggestion for how to interpret QM from an epistemological point of view and with a Kantian touch. It thus refines, extends, and combines existing approaches in a similar direction. The author first looks at current, hotly debated ontological interpretations. These include hidden variables-approaches, Bohmian mechanics, collapse interpretations, and the many worlds interpretation. He demonstrates why none of these ontological interpretations can claim to be the clear winner amongst its rivals. Next, coverage explores the possibility of interpreting QM in terms of knowledge but without the assumption of hidden variables. It examines QBism as well as Healey’s pragmatist view. The author finds both interpretations or programs appealing, but still wanting in certain respects. As a result, he then goes on to advance a genuine proposal as to how to interpret QM from the perspective of an internal realism in the sense of Putnam and Kant. The book also includes two philosophical interludes. One details the notions of probability and realism. The other highlights the connections between the notions of locality, causality, and reality in the context of violations of Bell-type inequalities.

Quantum Mechanics Between Ontology and Epistemology

Quantum Mechanics Between Ontology and Epistemology PDF Author: Florian J. Boge
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319957651
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 432

View

Book Description
This book explores the prospects of rivaling ontological and epistemic interpretations of quantum mechanics (QM). It concludes with a suggestion for how to interpret QM from an epistemological point of view and with a Kantian touch. It thus refines, extends, and combines existing approaches in a similar direction. The author first looks at current, hotly debated ontological interpretations. These include hidden variables-approaches, Bohmian mechanics, collapse interpretations, and the many worlds interpretation. He demonstrates why none of these ontological interpretations can claim to be the clear winner amongst its rivals. Next, coverage explores the possibility of interpreting QM in terms of knowledge but without the assumption of hidden variables. It examines QBism as well as Healey’s pragmatist view. The author finds both interpretations or programs appealing, but still wanting in certain respects. As a result, he then goes on to advance a genuine proposal as to how to interpret QM from the perspective of an internal realism in the sense of Putnam and Kant. The book also includes two philosophical interludes. One details the notions of probability and realism. The other highlights the connections between the notions of locality, causality, and reality in the context of violations of Bell-type inequalities.

Quantum Mechanics Between Ontology and Epistemology : B Inaugural Dissertation

Quantum Mechanics Between Ontology and Epistemology : B Inaugural Dissertation PDF Author: Florian Boge
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Quantum International Relations

Quantum International Relations PDF Author: James Der Derian
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197568203
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Book Description
In Quantum International Relations, James Der Derian and Alexander Wendt gather rising scholars and leading experts to make the case for quantum approaches to world politics. Contributors present the core principles of quantum mechanics--entanglement, uncertainty, superposition, and the wave function--as significant catalysts and superior heuristics for an accelerating quantum future. Facing a reality which no longer corresponds to an outdated Newtonianworldview of states as billiard balls, individuals as rational actors or power as objective interest, Der Derian and Wendt issue an urgent call for a new human science of quantum International Relations.

Towards a Local Realist View of the Quantum Phenomenon

Towards a Local Realist View of the Quantum Phenomenon PDF Author: Alberto Casado
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889666417
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Doing Educational Research

Doing Educational Research PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9463000763
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages :

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Doing Educational Research

Doing Educational Research PDF Author: Kenneth George Tobin
Publisher: Sense Publishers
ISBN: 9077874488
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 474

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Book Description
Doing Educational Research explores a variety of important issues and methods in educational research. Contributors include some of the most important voices in educational research. In the handbook these scholars provide detailed insights into one dimension of the research process that engages both students as well as experienced researchers with key concepts and recent innovations in the domain. The editors and authors believe that there is a need for a handbook on educational research that is both practical as it introduces beginning scholars to the field and innovative as it pushes the boundaries of the conversation about educational research at this historical juncture. In this collection the editors and authors explore a variety of topics from methodologies such as ethnography, action research, hermeneutics, historiography, psychoanalysis, literary criticism to issues such as social theory, epistemology, and paradigms. Readers will be pleased with the way the book addresses complex topics in an accessible and readable manner.

Quantum Theory and the Flight from Realism

Quantum Theory and the Flight from Realism PDF Author: Christopher Norris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134595255
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
This book is a critical introduction to the long-standing debate concerning the conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics and the problems it has posed for physicists and philosophers from Einstein to the present. Quantum theory has been a major infulence on postmodernism, and presents significant problems for realists. Keeping his own realist position in check, Christopher Norris subjects a wide range of key opponents and supporters of realism to a high and equal level of scrutiny. With a characteristic combination of rigour and intellectual generosity, he draws out the merits and weaknesses from opposing arguments. In a sequence of closely argued chapters, Norris examines the premises of orthodox quantum theory, as developed most influentially by Bohr and Heisenberg, and its impact on varous philosophical developments. These include the ideas developed by W.V Quine, Thomas Kuhn, Michael Dummett, Bas van Fraassen, and Hilary Puttnam. In each case, Norris argues, these thinkers have been influenced by the orthodox construal of quantum mechanics as requiring drastic revision of principles which had hitherto defined the very nature of scientific method, causal explanati and rational enquiry. Putting the case for a realist approach which adheres to well-tried scientific principles of causal reasoning and inference to the best explanation, Christopher Norris clarifies these debates to a non-specialist readership and scholars of philosophy, science studies and the philosophy of science alike. Quantum Theory and the Flight From Realism suggests that philosophical reflection can contribute to a better understanding of these crucial, current issues.

WITTGENSTEINIAN (adj.)

WITTGENSTEINIAN (adj.) PDF Author: Shyam Wuppuluri
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030275698
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 560

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Book Description
“Tell me," Wittgenstein once asked a friend, "why do people always say, it was natural for man to assume that the sun went round the earth rather than that the earth was rotating?" His friend replied, "Well, obviously because it just looks as though the Sun is going round the Earth." Wittgenstein replied, "Well, what would it have looked like if it had looked as though the Earth was rotating?” What would it have looked like if we looked at all sciences from the viewpoint of Wittgenstein’s philosophy? Wittgenstein is undoubtedly one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. His complex body of work has been analysed by numerous scholars, from mathematicians and physicists, to philosophers, linguists, and beyond. This volume brings together some of his central perspectives as applied to the modern sciences and studies the influence they may have on the thought processes underlying science and on the world view it engenders. The contributions stem from leading scholars in philosophy, mathematics, physics, economics, psychology and human sciences; all of them have written in an accessible style that demands little specialist knowledge, whilst clearly portraying and discussing the deep issues at hand.

Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum Theory: An Appraisal

Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum Theory: An Appraisal PDF Author: J.T. Cushing
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401587159
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408

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Book Description
We are often told that quantum phenomena demand radical revisions of our scientific world view and that no physical theory describing well defined objects, such as particles described by their positions, evolving in a well defined way, let alone deterministically, can account for such phenomena. The great majority of physicists continue to subscribe to this view, despite the fact that just such a deterministic theory, accounting for all of the phe nomena of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, was proposed by David Bohm more than four decades ago and has arguably been around almost since the inception of quantum mechanics itself. Our purpose in asking colleagues to write the essays for this volume has not been to produce a Festschrift in honor of David Bohm (worthy an undertaking as that would have been) or to gather together a collection of papers simply stating uncritically Bohm's views on quantum mechanics. The central theme around which the essays in this volume are arranged is David Bohm's version of quantum mechanics. It has by now become fairly standard practice to refer to his theory as Bohmian mechanics and to the larger conceptual framework within which this is located as the causal quantum theory program. While it is true that one can have reservations about the appropriateness of these specific labels, both do elicit distinc tive images characteristic of the key concepts of these approaches and such terminology does serve effectively to contrast this class of theories with more standard formulations of quantum theory.

Erwin Schrödinger’s World View

Erwin Schrödinger’s World View PDF Author: Johann Götschl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401124280
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 239

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Book Description
Erwin Schrödinger is one of the greatest figures of theoretical physics, but there is another side to the man: not only did his work revolutionize physics, it also radiacally changed the foundations of our modern worldview, modern biology, philosophy of science, philosophy of the mind, and epistemology. This book explores the lesser-known aspects of Schrödinger's thought, revealing the physicist as a philosopher and polymath whose highly original ideas anticipated the current merging of the natural and the social sciences and the humanities. Thirteen renowned scientists and philosophers have contributed to the volume. Part I reveals the philosophical importance of Schrödinger's work as a physicist. Part II examines his theory of life and of the self-organization of matter. Part III shows how Schrödinger's ideas have influenced contemporary philosophy of nature and our modern view of the world, drawing a fascinating picture of the ongoing synthesis of nature and culture: one of the most interesting developments of modern thought. The volume also contains the most comprehensive bibliography of Schrödinger's scientific work, making it at the same time a book of acute contemporary relevance and a major work of reference.