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Syntactic Islands

Syntactic Islands PDF Author: Cedric Boeckx
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521138787
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 173

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Book Description
A comprehensive overview of syntactic islands. What are they? How do they arise? Why do they exist?

Syntactic Islands

Syntactic Islands PDF Author: Cedric Boeckx
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521138787
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 173

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Book Description
A comprehensive overview of syntactic islands. What are they? How do they arise? Why do they exist?

The Syntax of Silence

The Syntax of Silence PDF Author: Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics Jason Merchant
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199243730
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 262

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Book Description
The first book-length treatment of the most cross-linguistically widespread form of ellipsis: elliptical wh-questions, known as sluices. Drawing on data from thirty languages, Merchant shows that sluicing structures are crucial to answering the fundamental questions about the nature of ellipsis and its resolution. The author also carefully documents a number of original generalizations concerning form-identity effects and the complementizer system.

THE SYNTAX AND THE SEMANTICS OF MANNER OF SPEAKING VERBS

THE SYNTAX AND THE SEMANTICS OF MANNER OF SPEAKING VERBS PDF Author: IRINA STOICA
Publisher: Editura Universității din București - Bucharest University Press
ISBN: 6061612915
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 218

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Book Description
While this book primarily discusses manner of speaking verbs in English, data from other languages, such as Romanian, Italian, German and others, set the scene for a series of important questions from the point of view of crosslinguistic variation.

Foundations of Generative Syntax

Foundations of Generative Syntax PDF Author: Robert Freidin
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262061445
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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Book Description
This is the first entry-level introduction to generative syntax to develop afoundational approach that rationally reconstructs syntactic theory from the perspective of currentresearch. It shows how basic grammatical concepts are incorporated into general principles thatanswer some of the fundamental questions of syntactic analysis, including the relationships betweenlexical and phrasal categories, the integration of transformations, the restricted distribution ofNPs; (lexical and nonlexical), and levels of syntactic representation.The book introduces andmotivates the basic components of Chomsky's principles-and-parameters theory with an extensiveanalysis of English and also data from a variety of other languages Beginning with simple conceptsof phrase structure analysis, the text progresses systematically through the subtheories of Case,bounding, government, and predicate-argument structure (T-theory) to the more complicatedconcepts in binding theory and the analysis of empty categories. It also contains detaileddiscussions of overlapping conditions, a full discussion of the Principle of Lexical Satisfaction,as well as substantial material on parametric variation in bounding, Case, and binding. Many pointsof analysis refine the standard view. Numerous exercises reinforce and extend the concepts andanalyses.Robert Freidin is Associate Professor and Director of the Program in Linguistics atPrinceton University. He is editor of Principles and Parameters in Comparative Grammar.

Island Constraints

Island Constraints PDF Author: H. Goodluck
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401719802
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 480

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Book Description
constraints', which serve to block the association of antecedent to gap under specific syntactic conditions. Of the restrictions identified by Ross and others, the ones we will discuss here are the Complex NP Constraint, exemplified with a relative clause in (3b) and with a nominal complement in (4a), the Subject and wh Island Conditions (Chomsky, 1973) in (4b, c) respectively, and the Adjunct Island Condi tion (see Huang, 1982's Condition on Extraction Domain), illustrated in (4d, e). (4) (a) *John, Mary made the claim that Sally plans to recommend_ for ajob. John, Mary claimed that Sally plans to recommend _ for a job. As for John, Mary heard the rumor that Sally intends to marry him. (b) *John, an article about _just appeared in the newspaper. As for John, an article about him just appeared in the news paper. (c) *Bill, I wonder who likes_. As for Bill, I wonder who likes him. (d) *The heat, we left early because of _. As for the heat, we left early because of it. (e) *The money, I lied so that I could keep_. As for the money, I lied so that I could keep it.

Syntactic Structures and Morphological Information

Syntactic Structures and Morphological Information PDF Author: Uwe Junghanns
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110904756
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 425

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Book Description
The book contains ten papers discussing issues of the relation between syntax and morphology from the perspective of morphologically rich languages including, among others, Indo-European languages, indigenous languages of the Americas, Turkish, and Hungarian. The overall question discussed in this book is to what extent morphological information shows up in syntactic structures and how this information is represented. The authors adopt different theoretical frameworks such as the Derivational Theory of Morphology, Distributed Optimality, Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical-Functional Grammar, Lexical Decomposition Grammar combined with Linking Theory and OT-like constraints, Paradigm-Based Morphosyntax as well as the Principles and Parameters Approach of Generative Grammar.

Reference Guide of Diagnostics for the Generative Syntax, A

Reference Guide of Diagnostics for the Generative Syntax, A PDF Author: 有川康二
Publisher: 株式会社 三恵社
ISBN: 9784883615780
Category : Cognitive science
Languages : en
Pages : 754

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Book Description


Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences

Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences PDF Author: Rik van Gijn
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270759
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 409

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Book Description
This volume is dedicated to exploring the crossroads where complex sentences and information management – more specifically information structure and reference tracking – come together. Complex sentences are a highly relevant but understudied domain for studying notions of IS and RT. On the one hand, a complex sentence can be studied as a mini-unit of discourse consisting of two or more elements describing events, situations, or processes, with its own internal information-structural and referential organization. On the other hand, complex sentences can be studied as parts of larger discourse structures, such as narratives or conversations, in terms of how their information-structural characteristics relate to this wider context. The book offers new perspectives for the study of the interaction between complex sentences and information management, and moreover adds typological breadth by focusing on lesser studied languages from several parts of the world.

A Companion to Chomsky

A Companion to Chomsky PDF Author: Nicholas Allott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119598702
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 640

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Book Description
A COMPANION TO CHOMSKY Widely considered to be one of the most important public intellectuals of our time, Noam ­Chomsky has revolutionized modern linguistics. His thought has had a profound impact upon the philosophy of language, mind, and science, as well as the interdisciplinary field of cognitive science which his work helped to establish. Now, in this new Companion dedicated to his substantial body of work and the range of its influence, an international assembly of prominent linguists, philosophers, and cognitive scientists reflect upon the interdisciplinary reach of Chomsky’s intellectual contributions. Balancing theoretical rigor with accessibility to the non-specialist, the Companion is organized into eight sections—including the historical development of Chomsky’s theories and the current state of the art, comparison with rival usage-based approaches, and the relation of his generative approach to work on linguistic processing, acquisition, semantics, pragmatics, and philosophy of language. Later chapters address Chomsky’s rationalist critique of behaviorism and related ­empiricist approaches to psychology, as well as his insistence upon a “Galilean” methodology in cognitive science. ­Following a brief discussion of the relation of his work in linguistics to his work on political issues, the book concludes with an essay written by Chomsky himself, reflecting on the history and character of his work in his own words. A significant contribution to the study of Chomsky’s thought, A Companion to Chomsky is an indispensable resource for philosophers, linguists, psychologists, advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and general readers with interest in Noam Chomsky’s intellectual legacy as one of the great thinkers of the twentieth century.

Weak Island Semantics

Weak Island Semantics PDF Author: Márta Abrusán
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199639388
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
This book presents a novel semantic account of weak islands, structures that block the displacement of certain elements in a sentence. Dr Abrusán's argument that the behaviour of these constructions has a semantic rather than syntactic explanation removes some of the most important reasons for postulating abstract syntactic rules as part of UG.