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Turn-taking in English and Japanese

Turn-taking in English and Japanese PDF Author: Hiroko Furo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135727651
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Book Description
This book examines turn-taking in English and Japanese conversations and political news interviews to investigate the relationship between language and interaction.

Turn-taking in English and Japanese

Turn-taking in English and Japanese PDF Author: Hiroko Furo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135727651
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Book Description
This book examines turn-taking in English and Japanese conversations and political news interviews to investigate the relationship between language and interaction.

Turn-Taking in English and Japanese

Turn-Taking in English and Japanese PDF Author: Hiroko Furo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138993921
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Book Description
This book examines turn-taking in English and Japanese conversations and political news interviews to investigate the relationship between language and interaction.

Turn-Taking in Japanese Conversation

Turn-Taking in Japanese Conversation PDF Author: Hiroko Tanaka
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027299080
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 242

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Book Description
This book explores the interpretation of grammar and turn-taking in Japanese talk-in-interaction from the perspective of conversation analysis. It pays special attention to the projectability patterns of turns in Japanese in comparison to English. Through qualitative and quantitative methods, it is shown that the postpositional grammatical structure and the predicate-final orientation in Japanese regularly result in a relatively delayed projectability of the possible point at which a current turn may become recognisably complete in comparison to English. Prior to such points, projectability is often limited to the progressive anticipation of small increments of talk. However, participants are able to achieve smooth speaker transitions with minimal gap or overlap through the use of specific grammatical and prosodic devices for marking possible points at which a transition may become relevant.

Cross-Cultural Pragmatics

Cross-Cultural Pragmatics PDF Author: Anna Wierzbicka
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110220962
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 539

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Book Description
This book, which can be seen as both a research monograph and a text book, challenges the approaches to human interaction based on supposedly universal "maxims of conversation" and "principles of politeness", which fly in the face of reality as experienced by millions of people - refugees, immigrants, crosscultural families, and so on. By contrast to such approaches, which can be of no use in crosscultural communication and education, this book is both theoretical and practical: it shows that in different societies, norms of human interaction are different and reflect different cultural attitudes and values; and it offers a framework within which different cultural norms and different ways of speaking can be effectively explored, explained, and taught. The book discusses data from a wide range of languages, including English, Italian, Russian, Polish, Yiddish, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, and Walmatjari (an Australian Aboriginal language), and it shows that the meanings expressed in human interaction and the different "cultural scripts" prevailing in different speech communities can be described and compared in a way that is clear, simple, rigorous, and free of ethnocentric bias by using a "natural semantic metalanguage", based on empirically established universal human concepts. As the book shows, this metalanguage can be used as a basis for teaching successful cross-cultural communication and education, including the teaching of languages in a cultural context.

Turn-taking in human communicative interaction

Turn-taking in human communicative interaction PDF Author: Judith Holler
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889198251
Category : Conversation
Languages : en
Pages : 293

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Book Description
The core use of language is in face-to-face conversation. This is characterized by rapid turn-taking. This turn-taking poses a number central puzzles for the psychology of language. Consider, for example, that in large corpora the gap between turns is on the order of 100 to 300 ms, but the latencies involved in language production require minimally between 600 ms (for a single word) or 1500 ms (for as simple sentence). This implies that participants in conversation are predicting the ends of the incoming turn and preparing in advance. But how is this done? What aspects of this prediction are done when? What happens when the prediction is wrong? What stops participants coming in too early? If the system is running on prediction, why is there consistently a mode of 100 to 300 ms in response time? The timing puzzle raises further puzzles: it seems that comprehension must run parallel with the preparation for production, but it has been presumed that there are strict cognitive limitations on more than one central process running at a time. How is this bottleneck overcome? Far from being 'easy' as some psychologists have suggested, conversation may be one of the most demanding cognitive tasks in our everyday lives. Further questions naturally arise: how do children learn to master this demanding task, and what is the developmental trajectory in this domain? Research shows that aspects of turn-taking, such as its timing, are remarkably stable across languages and cultures, but the word order of languages varies enormously. How then does prediction of the incoming turn work when the verb (often the informational nugget in a clause) is at the end? Conversely, how can production work fast enough in languages that have the verb at the beginning, thereby requiring early planning of the whole clause? What happens when one changes modality, as in sign languages – with the loss of channel constraints is turn-taking much freer? And what about face-to-face communication amongst hearing individuals – do gestures, gaze, and other body behaviors facilitate turn-taking? One can also ask the phylogenetic question: how did such a system evolve? There seem to be parallels (analogies) in duetting bird species, and in a variety of monkey species, but there is little evidence of anything like this among the great apes. All this constitutes a neglected set of problems at the heart of the psychology of language and of the language sciences. This Research Topic contributes to advancing our understanding of these problems by summarizing recent work from psycholinguists, developmental psychologists, students of dialog and conversation analysis, linguists, phoneticians, and comparative ethologists.

Gender, Language and Culture

Gender, Language and Culture PDF Author: Lidia Tanaka
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027230799
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 229

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Book Description
This book analyzes the relationship between gender, age and role in Japanese television interviews. It covers a wide range of topics on Japanese communication; cultural and gender variables are interwoven in the interpretation of the findings. The study shows how participants interact through language and how they project their identities in the context of the interview. Based on a qualitative analysis, speech in mixed and same gender interactions is analysed, turntaking, terms of address and aizuchi (listener's responses) are examined. The findings reveal interesting characteristics of all-female interactions, such as the influence of age that appears to be more important than gender; an observation that has repercussions in the study of gender and language differences in modern Japan. This book is an interdisciplinary study that integrates notions of politeness and theories of gender and language, and will be of interest to people researching Japanese culture and communication, gender studies and institutional language.

Multimodality, Interaction and Turn-taking in Mandarin Conversation

Multimodality, Interaction and Turn-taking in Mandarin Conversation PDF Author: Xiaoting Li
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270538
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 265

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Book Description
One major feature of conversation is that people take turns to speak. Based on audio and video recordings of naturally-occurring Mandarin conversation, this book explores the role of syntax, prosody, body movements as well as their interplay in turn organization in the temporal unfolding of action and interaction. Adopting the methodology of interactional linguistics, this book offers a fine-grained analysis of the three multimodal resources and the sequential environments in which they appear. It demonstrates that syntax, prosody and body movements not only converge but also diverge in projecting possible turn completion. As one of the few systematic studies of multimodality in Mandarin interaction, this book will be of interest to researchers in Chinese linguistics, interactional linguistics, conversation analysis, and multimodal analysis.

Conversation Analysis

Conversation Analysis PDF Author: Jack Sidnell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139483438
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
'Conversation analysis' is an approach to the study of social interaction that focuses on practices of speaking that recur across a range of contexts and settings. The early studies in this tradition were based on the analysis of English conversation. More recently, however, conversation analysts have begun to study talk in a broader range of communities around the world. Through detailed analyses of recorded conversations, this book examines differences and similarities across a wide range of languages including Finnish, Japanese, Tzeltal Mayan, Russian and Mandarin. Bringing together interrelated methodological and analytic contributions, it explores topics such as the role of gaze in question-and-answer sequences, the organization of repair, and the design of responses to assessments. The emerging comparative perspective demonstrates how the structure of talk is inflected by the local circumstances within which it operates.

Interaction and Grammar

Interaction and Grammar PDF Author: Professor of Anthropology Elinor Ochs
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521558280
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 468

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Book Description
This volume explores a rich variety of linkages between grammar and social interaction.

The Pragmatics of Interaction

The Pragmatics of Interaction PDF Author: Sigurd D'hondt
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 902720781X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 262

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Book Description
The ten volumes of "Handbook of Pragmatics Highlights" focus on the most salient topics in the field of pragmatics, thus dividing its wide interdisciplinary spectrum in a transparent and manageable way. While the other volumes select specific philosophical, cognitive, grammatical, social, cultural, variational, or discursive angles, this fourth volume is dedicated to the empirical investigation of the way human beings organize their interaction in natural environments and how they use talk for accomplishing actions and their contexts. Starting from Goffman s observation that interaction exhibits a structure in its own right that cannot be reduced to the psychological properties of the individual nor to society, it contains a selection of articles documenting the various levels of interactional organization. In addition to treatments of basic concepts such as sequence, participation, prosody and style and some topical articles on phenomena like reported speech and listener response, it also includes overviews of specific traditions (conversation analysis, ethnomethodology) and articles on eminent authors (Goffman, Sacks) who had a formative influence on the field."